Points of sail
Close-hauled Sailng as close as possible into the wind.
Reaching A boat is on a reach when she is neither
close hauled or running. A beam reach is with the wind 90 degrees to the boat. Reaching into the wind is between a beam reach
and close hauled. Broad reach is between a beam reach and running before the wind. Reaching is the fastest point of sail.
The Pacific Action sail is very good at this.
Running This is when the wind is directly behind you.
Both the wind Pacific Acton sail and the Wind Paddle sail will reach (beam) or run (before the
wind.) to get windward performace you require a keel or leeboards. These provide lateral resistance with transforms into forward
moton under sail.
I will add a few terms over the next few days and soon all will be speaking
like "Salty olde dogs."
Remember that the only rope on a sailboat is the bellrope, and canoes and kayaks usually
don't carry ships bells. A ships bell was used to signal the time on board during the watch and a watch changes among other
things. The Jacktars of old lives were controlled by the tolling of the bell.
Jacktar Slang name for a sailor on square rigged ships, this was because of the
method many used to tie there hair back. The hair would be braided into a pony tail and they would then dip the end in tar
to hold it together.
Starboard This is always the right hand side of a vessel, when facing the bow.
Port This is always the left hand side of a vessel, when facing the bow.
Bow The front of the boat
Stern The back of the boat, the transom is located here.)
Gybing Changing tack while sailing downwind by changing the sails from one side of the
boat to the other.
Tacking Changing tack while sailing to winward by changing the sails from one side of
the boat to the other
In Irons This occurs when you have pointed your boat to far into the wind
and have stalled out.wind. Most sailboats have a no sail area that occurs roughly 45 degrees from the bow down both sides,
when pointing directly into the wind.
Leeboards These act as a replacement for a keel and are found on many shallow
draft vessels. They are usually found in pairs one per side and rotate out of the water when not in use, A shaped board that
rotates into the water on the leeward side of the vessel to provide resistance, whch transmits into forward motion on sailng
Leeward The side of the vessel opposite from where the wind is blowing from.
Windward The side of the vessel that is facing the oncoming wind.
Doubling This is an old expression from the days of sail. seamen refered toto the rounding
of a cape as doubling, to sail down one side and up the other was doubling the horn.
Sailors Earring The wearing of an earring in the left year was an entitlement given
a sailor when he had sailed and doubled cape Horn. On the traditional with the wind route of circumnavigation Cape Horn
was pasted to port and that is whybthey wear their earring in the left ear.