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Tundrasails Kayak Sail Systems

Sailing Terms you should know

A small Glossary  for those new to sailing
Please bear in mind that I add this section in the hopes of increasing your interest in sailing in general. Canoes and kayaks can be rigged to sail fairly effiently but will never compare to a proper sail boat in terms of sailng ability. Both sails will sail down wind and will reach with the wind up to a beam reach (wind 90 degrees from bow.) I think that everyone that takes part in a sport would like to have a basic knowledege of how and why things work. I hope that this helps. Greg

Points of sail

Close-hauled  Sailng as close as possible into the wind.

Reaching       A boat is on a reach when she is neither close hauled or running. A beam reach is with the wind 90 degrees to the boat. Reaching into the wind is between a beam reach and close hauled. Broad reach is between a beam reach and running before the wind. Reaching is the fastest point of  sail. The Pacific Action sail is very good at this.

Running  This is when the wind is directly behind you.

Both the wind Pacific Acton sail and the Wind Paddle sail will reach (beam) or run (before the wind.) to get windward performace you require a keel or leeboards. These provide lateral resistance with transforms into forward moton under sail.

I will add a few terms over the next few days and soon all will be speaking like "Salty olde dogs." 

Remember that the only rope on a sailboat is the bellrope, and canoes and kayaks usually don't carry ships bells. A ships bell was used to signal the time on board during the watch and a watch changes among other things. The Jacktars of old lives were controlled by the tolling of the bell.

Jacktar  Slang name for a sailor on square rigged ships, this was because of the method many used to tie there hair back. The hair would be braided into a pony tail and they would then dip the end in tar to hold it together.

Starboard This is always the right hand side of a vessel, when facing the bow.

Port  This is always the left hand side of a vessel, when facing the bow.

Bow  The front of the boat

Stern The back of the boat, the transom is located here.)

Gybing Changing tack while sailing downwind by changing the sails from one side of the boat to the other.

Tacking Changing tack while sailing to winward by changing the sails from one side of the boat to the other

In Irons  This occurs when you have pointed your  boat to far into the wind and have stalled out.wind. Most sailboats have a no sail area that occurs roughly 45 degrees from the bow down both sides, when pointing directly into the wind.

Leeboards  These act as a replacement for a keel and are found on many shallow draft vessels. They are usually found in pairs one per side and rotate out of the water when not in use, A shaped board that rotates into the water on the leeward side of the vessel to provide resistance, whch transmits into forward motion on sailng vessels.

Leeward  The side of the vessel opposite from where the wind is blowing from.

Windward The side of the vessel that is facing the oncoming wind.

Doubling This is an old expression from the days of sail. seamen refered toto the rounding of a cape as doubling, to sail down one side and up the other was doubling the horn.

Sailors Earring  The wearing of an earring in the left year was an entitlement given a sailor when he had sailed and doubled cape Horn. On the traditional with the wind route of circumnavigation  Cape Horn was pasted to port and that is whybthey wear their earring in the left ear.



I have huge interest in square rigged ships and the language that went with them.  An entire world and lanuage of their own. You of course do not need to know all this to use the Pacific Action or Wind Paddle sail but it is very interesting stuff.

Message from Greg
Folks thanks for stopping and dropping your anchor for a while, always a pleasure to see you here. Enjoy your stay and drop back anytime.
Contact me at , should you have questions regarding the sails or the local area around Yellowknife.
I am now using Skype and if you can contact me through Skype, my name being cominco2.